An eclipse happens when one celestial body, such as the Moon or Earth, moves into the shadow cast by another celestial body. There are two types: solar and lunar eclipses.

A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon comes between the Earth and the Sun, blocking the Sun's light. There are three types of solar eclipses: total, partial, and annular. In a total solar eclipse, the Moon fully covers the Sun, creating a darkened area on Earth for a short period. During a partial solar eclipse, only a portion of the Sun is covered. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon is farther from the Earth, causing the Sun to appear as a ring around the Moon.

A lunar eclipse happens when the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon. This occurs only during a full moon. Earth's shadow falls on the Moon, creating a reddish hue due to the Earth's atmosphere scattering sunlight. There are two main types of lunar eclipses: partial and total. In a total lunar eclipse, the entire Moon is covered by Earth's shadow, while in a partial lunar eclipse, only a part of the Moon is covered.

Roger Sarkis